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2021. 6. 10. 13:09

Range 함수 역순 Programming/Python2021. 6. 10. 13:09

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for문에서 range 를 이용할 때 가끔은 리버스로 순서가 돌아가는 것이 필요할 때가 있다.

 

for i in range(10, 0, -1):
    print(f"카운트 다운!!! {i}")

위와 같이 입력면 역순으로 수를 전달할 수 있다.

여기서 주의할 점은 10이 스타트.. 10부터 시작

0 앞에 까지 가서 멈춘다는 것 즉.. 1까지만 전달이 된다는 것을 염두에 두고 있어야 한다.

# 결과
카운트 다운!!! 10
카운트 다운!!! 9
카운트 다운!!! 8
카운트 다운!!! 7
카운트 다운!!! 6
카운트 다운!!! 5
카운트 다운!!! 4
카운트 다운!!! 3
카운트 다운!!! 2
카운트 다운!!! 1

 

Built-in Types — Python 3.9.5 documentation

 

Built-in Types — Python 3.9.5 documentation

The following sections describe the standard types that are built into the interpreter. The principal built-in types are numerics, sequences, mappings, classes, instances and exceptions. Some collection classes are mutable. The methods that add, subtract,

docs.python.org

Ranges

The range type represents an immutable sequence of numbers and is commonly used for looping a specific number of times in for loops.

class range(stop)class range(start, stop[, step])

The arguments to the range constructor must be integers (either built-in int or any object that implements the __index__ special method). If the step argument is omitted, it defaults to 1. If the start argument is omitted, it defaults to 0. If step is zero, ValueError is raised.

For a positive step, the contents of a range r are determined by the formula r[i] = start + step*i where i >= 0 and r[i] < stop.

For a negative step, the contents of the range are still determined by the formula r[i] = start + step*i, but the constraints are i >= 0 and r[i] > stop.

A range object will be empty if r[0] does not meet the value constraint. Ranges do support negative indices, but these are interpreted as indexing from the end of the sequence determined by the positive indices.

Ranges containing absolute values larger than sys.maxsize are permitted but some features (such as len()) may raise OverflowError.

Range examples:

>>>>>> list(range(10)) [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] >>> list(range(1, 11)) [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] >>> list(range(0, 30, 5)) [0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25] >>> list(range(0, 10, 3)) [0, 3, 6, 9] >>> list(range(0, -10, -1)) [0, -1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8, -9] >>> list(range(0)) [] >>> list(range(1, 0)) []

Ranges implement all of the common sequence operations except concatenation and repetition (due to the fact that range objects can only represent sequences that follow a strict pattern and repetition and concatenation will usually violate that pattern).

start

The value of the start parameter (or 0 if the parameter was not supplied)

stop

The value of the stop parameter

step

The value of the step parameter (or 1 if the parameter was not supplied)

The advantage of the range type over a regular list or tuple is that a range object will always take the same (small) amount of memory, no matter the size of the range it represents (as it only stores the start, stop and step values, calculating individual items and subranges as needed).

Range objects implement the collections.abc.Sequence ABC, and provide features such as containment tests, element index lookup, slicing and support for negative indices (see Sequence Types — list, tuple, range):

>>>>>> r = range(0, 20, 2) >>> r range(0, 20, 2) >>> 11 in r False >>> 10 in r True >>> r.index(10) 5 >>> r[5] 10 >>> r[:5] range(0, 10, 2) >>> r[-1] 18

Testing range objects for equality with == and != compares them as sequences. That is, two range objects are considered equal if they represent the same sequence of values. (Note that two range objects that compare equal might have different start, stop and step attributes, for example range(0) == range(2, 1, 3) or range(0, 3, 2) == range(0, 4, 2).)

Changed in version 3.2: Implement the Sequence ABC. Support slicing and negative indices. Test int objects for membership in constant time instead of iterating through all items.

Changed in version 3.3: Define ‘==’ and ‘!=’ to compare range objects based on the sequence of values they define (instead of comparing based on object identity).

New in version 3.3: The start, stop and step attributes.

See also

  • The linspace recipe shows how to implement a lazy version of range suitable for floating point applications.
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Posted by 패치#

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